A systematic review of risk factors associated with depression and anxiety in cancer patients

Ikhile, Deborah and Ford, Elizabeth and Glass, Devyn and Gremesty, Georgie and van Marwijk, Harm and Wong, Cho Lee (2024) A systematic review of risk factors associated with depression and anxiety in cancer patients. PLOS ONE, 19 (3). e0296892. ISSN 1932-6203

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Depression and anxiety are common comorbid conditions associated with cancer, however the risk factors responsible for the onset of depression and anxiety in cancer patients are not fully understood. Also, there is little clarity on how these factors may vary across the cancer phases: diagnosis, treatment and depression. We aimed to systematically understand and synthesise the risk factors associated with depression and anxiety during cancer diagnosis, treatment and survivorship. We focused our review on primary and community settings as these are likely settings where longer term cancer care is provided. We conducted a systematic search on PubMed, PsychInfo, Scopus, and EThOS following the PRISMA guidelines. We included cross-sectional and longitudinal studies which assessed the risk factors for depression and anxiety in adult cancer patients. Quality assessment was undertaken using the Newcastle-Ottawa assessment checklists. The quality of each study was further rated using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Standards. Our search yielded 2645 papers, 21 of these were eligible for inclusion. Studies were heterogenous in terms of their characteristics, risk factors and outcomes measured. A total of 32 risk factors were associated with depression and anxiety. We clustered these risk factors into four domains using an expanded biopsychosocial model of health: cancer-specific, biological, psychological and social risk factors. The cancer-specific risk factors domain was associated with the diagnosis, treatment and survivorship phases. Multifactorial risk factors are associated with the onset of depression and anxiety in cancer patients. These risk factors vary across cancer journey and depend on factors such as type of cancer and individual profile of the patients. Our findings have potential applications for risk stratification in primary care and highlight the need for a personalised approach to psychological care provision, as part of cancer care.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Eprints AP open Archive > Biological Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email admin@eprints.apopenarchive.com
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2024 08:01
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2024 08:01
URI: http://asian.go4sending.com/id/eprint/2065

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